Signal Processing

Signal Processing refers to various techniques to extract a signal of interest from imperfect measurements which may be marred by noise, distortions, interference, jamming, etc. Today it is synonymous with digital techniques as the processing is done via numerical algorithms running as a program on a computer or dedicated processor. Much of Signal Processing today is in the design of algorithms and in the analysis of their performance.

Signal processing has wide application. From space communications...
The disciplinary catchment of Signal Processing includes the theory and application of filtering, coding, transmitting, estimating, detecting, analyzing, recognizing, synthesizing, recording, and reproducing signals by digital or analog devices or techniques. The term signal includes audio, video, speech, image, communication, geophysical, sonar, radar, medical, musical, and other signals.

...to medical imaging.
The basic idea behind Signal Processing is first to theoretically characterize how the structure of the desired signal differs from the structure of the noise and interferences. Thereby the objective is to process the raw signal (imperfect measurements) to bring out or emphasize the desired signal at the same time suppressing the noise and interference.

What characterizes a signal depends heavily on the application. In the context of communications, the nature of the desired signal is generally very well known as it corresponds to specifically designed modulations and coding. Despite the explicit information (data) being unknown, the waveform bearing the information is very well known and it is here, in the structure of the signal, that we can use to our advantage to reliably recover the data despite the presence of noise and interference.

Key Research Challenges

There are many application specific challenges in Signal Processing in the various domains of audio, video, speech, image, communication, geophysical, sonar, radar, medical, musical, etc. Here we emphasize the key generic challenges common to many of these domains and particularly communications.

Curse of Complexity

Often a very good model for the signal (structure) is known and, through theory, the best means to extract the signal is well-defined. However, often such an optimal solution has a complexity which cannot be implemented because the resources required are too great. The challenge then is to find a reduced complexity approximation that can be implemented and yet has a performance that approaches the performance of the optimal solution.

Closely related to this is determining theoretically that the reduced complexity scheme makes the best use of the limited resources (fixed complexity) and establishing theoretically that the performance is indeed close to optimal (rather than just appears to be close from running the system).

Systems and Subsystems

Complex engineering systems involve the cascades of subsystems and a hierarchy of processing. Classical design has involved optimizing the performance of subsystems which is a divide and conquer approach. The general challenge is to develop systematic approaches to joint subsystem optimization targeting superior performance and sharing of resources between the subsystems.

Australian Signal Processing Researchers

Researcher
Abhayapala, Thushara D
Alexander, Paul D
Armstrong, Jean
Athaudage, Chandra
Barbulescu, Sorin Adrian
Bhaskaran Pillai, Sibi Raj
Blackmore, Kim Louise
Bunton, John David
Clarkson, I. Vaughan L.
Collings, Iain B
Conder, Phillip
Cowley, William G
Davis, Linda M
Develi, Ibrahim
Dey, Subhrakanti
Dogancay, Kutluyil
Elkashlan, Maged
Evans, Jamie Scott
Faulkner, Mike
Grant, Alex J
Grayden, David Bruce
Hedley, Mark
Ho, Tsun Yue
Jacka, Colin Eric
Jayalath, Dhammika
Jones, Haley M
Kennedy, Rodney Andrew
Kind, Adriel P.
Krusevac, Snezana M
Lee, Ivan
Lee, Wee Sit
Letzepis, Nicholas Alexander
Leyonhjelm, Scott A
Lowery, Arthur James
Manton, Jonathan H
McDonnell, Mark Damian
Nicol, Chris J
Ning, Jun
Ninness, Brett M
Padhi, Shantanu Kumar
Papandriopoulos, John
Perreau, Sylvie L
Pollock, Tony S
Ramamurthy, Balachander
Rasmussen, Lars K
Ray, Pinaki Sankar
Reed, Mark C
Reid, Aaron Barry
Rezaeian, Mohammad J
Rice, Mark
Sadeghi, Parastoo
Schreier, Peter J.
Shi, Zhenning
Sithamparanathan, Kandeepan
Smith, David Burton
Stirling, David
Stojcevski, Alex
Suraweera, Himal
Tang, Zhongwei
Thanabalasingham, Thayaparan
Trajkovic, Vladimir
Tran, Le Chung
Vucetic, Branka S
Wahlberg, Patrik
White, Langford B
Yi, Xiaoke
Yu, Limin
Yuan, Jinhong
Yuce, Mehmet Rasit
Zhang, Jian Andrew
Zhang, Wei
Zhang, Weimin
Zhu, Weiping

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